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midicopy.c

/*
 *  This program is a clone of midifile.c created by
 *  Thompson and  Czeiszperger, 1989. As a result there
 *  are many remnant variables and functions from that
 *  file. 
 *
 *  The program is designed to copy a selected part or whole
 *  midi file onto a new midi file. You can select a specific
 *  time interval or specific tracks or channels. The new
 *  midi file can then be played using a standard midi player.
 *  Thus one can listen to any selected voice and time
 *  time interval of a midi file.

 * In order to do this we must keep track of all notes running
 * at a specific time so that we can turn them off when we
 * come to the end of the time segment. The array notechan is
 * used to keep track of which notes are still playing.

 * When we start copying from the middle of a midi file,
 * we must ensure that the player is in the proper state (right
 * tempo, right programs) for that time. Many midi files
 * may change the tempo or instrument arrangements. To ensure
 * the midi file maintains this state we copy all messages  
 * except note_on/note_off prior to the beginning of the
 * start of the output file. The midi time (determined
 * by delta_time) is locked to zero until we reach the
 * start time for the output file.
 *
 * Overview of function calls.
 * ---------------------------
 * All the work is done by mfwrite, which copies the
 * tracks individually thru the function mf_write_track_chunk.
 * mf_write_track_chunk either copies the whole track verbatim
 * or else parses the track and copies each command individually
 * using the function readtrack(). readtrack calls chanmessage()
 * or metaevent () depending on the nature ofthe command.
 * 
 */



#define VERSION "1.04 September 13 2005"
#include "midicopy.h"
#define NULLFUNC 0
#define NULL 0

#ifndef PCCFIX
#include <stdlib.h>
#endif

#include <stdio.h>

char *strcpy(), *strcat();


/* Functions to be called while processing the MIDI file. */
int (*Mf_arbitrary) () = NULLFUNC;
int (*Mf_seqspecific) () = NULLFUNC;

/* Functions to implement in order to write a MIDI file */
int (*Mf_writetempotrack) () = NULLFUNC;

void mf_write_header_chunk(int, int, int);
void mf_write_tempo(long);
int mf_write_midi_event(int type, int chan, char *data, int size);
int mf_write_meta_event(int type, char *data, int size);
void mf_write_track_chunk(int which_track, FILE * fp);
void mferror(char *s);
int eputc(char c);
void append_to_string();
void copy_noteoff(int chan, int c1, int c2);

int Mf_nomerge = 0;           /* 1 => continue'ed system exclusives are */
                   /* not collapsed. */
long Mf_currtime = 0L;        /* current time in delta-time units */
long Mf_toberead = 0L;
long delta_time;
float currentseconds =0.0;

long Mf_currcopytime = 0L;    /* time of last copied event */
char *trackdata = NULL;
long trackdata_length, trackdata_size;


long Mf_numbyteswritten = 0L;
long readvarinum();
long read32bit();
long to32bit();
int read16bit();
int to16bit();
char *msg();

/* following declaration added 27/8/96 JRA (James Allwright)*/
void badbyte(int);
void metaevent(int);
void sysex();
void chanmessage(int, int, int);
void msginit();
int msgleng();
void msgadd();
void biggermsg();


int notechan[2048];           /* keeps track of running voices */
int tocopy[32];               /* tracks to copy */
int ctocopy[16];        /* channels to copy */
int chnflag = 0;        /* flag indicating not all channels selected */

FILE *F_in, *fp;
int format, ntrks, division;
int start_tick, end_tick, flag_metaeot;
float start_seconds,end_seconds;
int use_seconds = 0;
int current_tempo = 500000;
float seconds_output;

struct tempostruc {
   int tick; int value;} tempo_array[1000];
int temposize,tempo_index;

/*          Support stuff                         */


/* The next four functions are used to ensure that all
   notes still on are turned off at the end of the time
   segment.
*/
int init_notechan()
{
/* indicate that there are no active notes */
    int i;
    for (i = 0; i < 2048; i++)
      notechan[i] = -1;
    return 0;
}


int open_note(int chan, int pitch)
/* When a note for a specific channel is turned on, we save the
   time when it was switched on.
*/
{
    int index;
    /*printf("%f %d\n",Mf_currtime/(float) division,pitch); */
    index = 128 * chan + pitch;
    if (index < 0 || index > 2047)
      printf("illegal chan/pitch %d %d\n", chan, pitch);
    notechan[index] = Mf_currtime;
    return 0;
}


int close_note(int chan, int pitch)
{
    int index;
    index = 128 * chan + pitch;
    if (index < 0 || index > 2047)
      printf("illegal chan/pitch %d %d\n", chan, pitch);
    notechan[index] = -1;
    return 0;
}

/* send a noteoff channel command for all notes still playing. */
void turn_off_all_playing_notes()
{
    int i, chan, pitch;
    for (i = 0; i < 2048; i++)
      if (notechan[i] >= 0) {
          chan = i / 128;
          pitch = i % 128;
          copy_noteoff(chan, pitch, 0);
      }
}



void append_to_string(int c)
{
    trackdata[trackdata_length] = c;
    trackdata_length++;
    if (trackdata_length > trackdata_size) {
      printf("trackdata overflow\n");
      exit(1);
    }
}


void replace_byte_in_trackdata(int loc, char val)
{
    trackdata[loc] = val;
}


void error(char *s)
{
    fprintf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", s);
}


int cut_beginning()
{
if (use_seconds)
  {
  if (currentseconds < start_seconds) 
        return 1;
  return 0;
  }
if (Mf_currtime < start_tick)
      return 1;
return 0;
}

int cut_ending()
{
if (use_seconds)
  {
  if (end_seconds > 0.0 && currentseconds > end_seconds)
      return 1;
  return 0;
  }
if (end_tick > 0 && Mf_currtime > end_tick) return 1;
return 0;
}




/*      Midi Channel Commands                            */

void copy_noteon(int chan, int c1, int c2)
{
    char data[2];
    if (c2 > 0)
      open_note(chan, c1);
    else
      close_note(chan, c1);
    if (cut_beginning())
      return;
    data[0] = (char) c1;
    data[1] = (char) c2;
    mf_write_midi_event(0x90, chan, data, 2);
}



void copy_noteoff(int chan, int c1, int c2)
{
    char data[2];
    close_note(chan, c1);
    if (cut_beginning())
      return;
    data[0] = (char) c1;
    data[1] = (char) c2;
    mf_write_midi_event(0x80, chan, data, 2);
}



void copy_pressure(int chan, int c1, int c2)
{
    char data[2];
    if (cut_beginning())
      return;
    data[0] = (char) c1;
    data[1] = (char) c2;
    mf_write_midi_event(0xa0, chan, data, 2);
}


void copy_parameter(int chan, int c1, int c2)
{
    char data[2];
    if (cut_beginning())
      return;
    data[0] = (char) c1;
    data[1] = (char) c2;
    mf_write_midi_event(0xb0, chan, data, 2);
}

void copy_program(int chan, int c1)
{
    char data[1];
    data[0] = (char) c1;
    mf_write_midi_event(0xc0, chan, data, 1);
}

void copy_chanpressure(int chan, int c1)
{
    char data[1];
    data[0] = (char) c1;
    mf_write_midi_event(0xd0, chan, data, 1);
}

void copy_pitchbend(int chan, int c1, int c2)
{
    char data[2];
    if (cut_beginning())
      return;
    data[0] = c1;
    data[1] = c2;
    mf_write_midi_event(0xe0, chan, data, 2);
}




/*       Meta commands are handled here  */

void copy_metatext(int type, int length, char *m)
{
    mf_write_meta_event(type, m, length);
}

void copy_timesig(c1, c2, c3, c4)
{
    char data[4];
    data[0] = c1;
    data[1] = c2;
    data[2] = c3;
    data[3] = c4;
    mf_write_meta_event(0x58, data, 4);
}

void copy_keysig(c1, c2)
{
    char data[2];
    data[0] = c1;
    data[1] = c2;
    mf_write_meta_event(0x59, data, 2);
}


/* Metaevents */
void copy_metaseqnum(int seq)
{
    mf_write_meta_event(0x00, (char *) seq, 2);
}


void copy_metaspecial(int length, char *m)
{
    mf_write_meta_event(0x7f, m, length);
}

void copy_metamisc(int type, int length, char *m)
{
    mf_write_meta_event(type, m, length);
}



void copy_metaeot()
{
    void WriteVarLen();
    WriteVarLen(10);
    Mf_currcopytime += 10;
    eputc((char) 0xff);
    eputc((char) 0x2f);
    eputc((char) 0x00);
}



void copy_sysex(int length, char *s)
{
    void WriteVarLen();
    int i;
/* readtrack in midifile3 copies the starting 0xf0 sys command
   followed by the message. In order to copy the input, we
   need to also copy the length of the message. The midi
   specs seem to be not clear, on whether length of message
   should be included, or whether f0 f7 completely delineate
   the sysex command.
*/
    WriteVarLen(Mf_currtime - Mf_currcopytime);
    if (!cut_beginning())
      Mf_currcopytime = Mf_currtime;
/*printf("delta_time = %d\n",delta_time);*/
    eputc((char) 0xf0);
    WriteVarLen(length - 1);  /* don't count the starting 0xf0 byte */
    for (i = 1; i < length; i++)
      eputc(s[i]);
}



/* The midi standard requires that we precede the stream
   of midi commands in a track with a number indicating the
   number of bytes in the track. Since we don't know this
   in advance, we just append everything into a long string
   and count the number of bytes in the string before writing
   it to the output file. It uses more memory, but memory
   is now cheap and there are not many midi files one megabyte
   long.
*/

void alloc_trackdata()
{
    if (trackdata != NULL)
      free(trackdata);
/* add another 50 percent since running status is not preserved */
    trackdata = (char *) malloc(Mf_toberead + Mf_toberead / 2);
    trackdata_size = Mf_toberead + Mf_toberead / 2;
    trackdata_length = 0;
    trackdata[0] = 0;
}






int readmt(s)                 /* read through the "MThd" or "MTrk" header string */
char *s;
{
    int n = 0;
    char *p = s;
    int c;

    while (n++ < 4 && (c = getc(F_in)) != EOF) {
      if (c != *p++) {
          char buff[32];
          (void) strcpy(buff, "expecting ");
          (void) strcat(buff, s);
          mferror(buff);
      }
    }
    return (c);
}




static int egetc()
{                       /* read a single character and abort on EOF */
    int c = getc(F_in);

    if (c == EOF)
      mferror("premature EOF");
    Mf_toberead--;
    return (c);
}





void readheader()
{                       /* read a header chunk */

    if (readmt("MThd") == EOF)
      return;

    Mf_toberead = read32bit();
    format = read16bit();
    ntrks = read16bit();
    division = read16bit();


    /* flush any extra stuff, in case the length of header is not 6 */
    while (Mf_toberead > 0)
      (void) egetc();
}


void append_rest_of_track()
{
    int err;
    err = fread(trackdata + trackdata_length, 1, Mf_toberead, F_in);
    trackdata_length += err;
    if (err != Mf_toberead)
      error("fread error in append_rest_of_track()");
    Mf_toberead = 0;
}


void ignore_rest_of_track()
{
    while (Mf_toberead > 0)
      egetc();
}


void copytrack_verbatim()
{
    if (readmt("MTrk") == EOF)
      return;
    Mf_toberead = read32bit();
    alloc_trackdata();
    append_rest_of_track();
}


int update_current_tempo ()
{
    if(Mf_currtime < tempo_array[tempo_index+1].tick) 
            return tempo_array[tempo_index].value;
    while (tempo_index < temposize)
       {
       tempo_index++;
       if (Mf_currtime < tempo_array[tempo_index].tick) break;
       }
  tempo_index--;
   return tempo_array[tempo_index].value;
}

float readtrack()
{                       /* read a track chunk */
    /* This array is indexed by the high half of a status byte.  It's */
    /* value is either the number of bytes needed (1 or 2) for a channel */
    /* message, or 0 (meaning it's not  a channel message). */
    static int chantype[] = {
      0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, /* 0x00 through 0x70 */
      2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 2, 0  /* 0x80 through 0xf0 */
    };
    long lookfor;
    int c, c1, type;
    int sysexcontinue = 0;    /* 1 if last message was an unfinished sysex */
    int running = 0;          /* 1 when running status used */
    int status = 0;           /* status value (e.g. 0x90==note-on) */
    int needed;
    long varinum;
    float delta_seconds; 
    float accumulated_seconds;
    int accumulating;

    accumulated_seconds = 0.0;
    accumulating = 0;
    tempo_index = 0;

    if (readmt("MTrk") == EOF)
      return (0);

    Mf_toberead = read32bit();
    Mf_currtime = 0;
    Mf_currcopytime = 0;
    currentseconds = 0.0;

    alloc_trackdata();

    if (cut_beginning()) {
      delta_time = 0;
      Mf_currcopytime = start_tick; /* to avoid long gap at begining */
    }

    while (Mf_toberead > 0) {

        current_tempo = update_current_tempo(); 
      delta_time = readvarinum();
      Mf_currtime += delta_time;
        delta_seconds = (float) delta_time*current_tempo/
                            ((float) division*1000000.0);
        currentseconds += delta_seconds;
        if (cut_ending()) {
          flag_metaeot = 1;
          /*   delta_time += end_tick - Mf_currtime; */
      /*    Mf_currtime = end_tick; [SS] 2005-08-17*/
          break;
      }

      c = egetc();

      if (sysexcontinue && c != 0xf7)
          mferror("didn't find expected continuation of a sysex");

      if ((c & 0x80) == 0) {  /* running status? */
          if (status == 0)
            mferror("unexpected running status");
          running = 1;
      } else {
          status = c;
          running = 0;
      }

      needed = chantype[(status >> 4) & 0xf];

      if (needed) {           /* ie. is it a channel message? */

        if (accumulating) {
          delta_seconds = (float) delta_time*current_tempo/
                            ((float) division*1000000.0);
          accumulated_seconds += delta_seconds;
          }
          /*if (Mf_currtime > Mf_currcopytime) accumulating = 1;*/
            if (!cut_beginning()) accumulating = 1;

          if (running)
            c1 = c;
          else
            c1 = egetc();
          chanmessage(status, c1, (needed > 1) ? egetc() : 0);
          continue;;
      }

      switch (c) {

      case 0xff:        /* meta event */

          type = egetc();
          varinum = readvarinum();
          lookfor = Mf_toberead - varinum;
          msginit();

          while (Mf_toberead > lookfor)
            msgadd(egetc());

          metaevent(type);
          break;

      case 0xf0:        /* start of system exclusive */

          varinum = readvarinum();
          lookfor = Mf_toberead - varinum;
          msginit();
          msgadd(0xf0);

          while (Mf_toberead > lookfor)
            msgadd(c = egetc());

          if (c == 0xf7 || Mf_nomerge == 0)
            sysex();
          else
            sysexcontinue = 1;      /* merge into next msg */
          break;

      case 0xf7:        /* sysex continuation or arbitrary stuff */

          varinum = readvarinum();
          lookfor = Mf_toberead - varinum;

          if (!sysexcontinue)
            msginit();

          while (Mf_toberead > lookfor)
            msgadd(c = egetc());

          if (!sysexcontinue) {
            if (Mf_arbitrary)
                (*Mf_arbitrary) (msgleng(), msg());
          } else if (c == 0xf7) {
            sysex();
            sysexcontinue = 0;
          }
          break;
      default:
          badbyte(c);
          break;
      }
    }
    return accumulated_seconds;
}





void badbyte(c)
int c;
{
    char buff[32];

    (void) sprintf(buff, "unexpected byte: 0x%02x", c);
    mferror(buff);
}




void metaevent(int type)
{
    int leng;
    char *m;

    leng = msgleng();
    m = msg();
    switch (type) {
    case 0x00:
      copy_metaseqnum(to16bit(m[0], m[1]));
      break;
    case 0x01:                /* Text event */
    case 0x02:                /* Copyright notice */
    case 0x03:                /* Sequence/Track name */
    case 0x04:                /* Instrument name */
    case 0x05:                /* Lyric */
    case 0x06:                /* Marker */
    case 0x07:                /* Cue point */
    case 0x08:
    case 0x09:
    case 0x0a:
    case 0x0b:
    case 0x0c:
    case 0x0d:
    case 0x0e:
    case 0x0f:
      /* These are all text events */
      copy_metatext(type, leng, m);
      break;
    case 0x2f:                /* End of Track */
      copy_metaeot();
      break;
    case 0x51:                /* Set tempo */
      mf_write_tempo(to32bit(0, m[0], m[1], m[2]));
      break;
    case 0x54:
      mf_write_meta_event(0x54, m, 5);
      break;
    case 0x58:
      copy_timesig(m[0], m[1], m[2], m[3]);
      break;
    case 0x59:
      copy_keysig(m[0], m[1]);
      break;
    case 0x7f:
      copy_metaspecial(leng, m);
      break;
    default:
      copy_metamisc(type, leng, m);
    }
}





void sysex()
{
    copy_sysex(msgleng(), msg());
}




void chanmessage(int status, int c1, int c2)
{
    int chan = status & 0xf;

    if (ctocopy[chan])
      switch (status & 0xf0) {
      case 0x80:
          copy_noteoff(chan, c1, c2);
          break;
      case 0x90:
          copy_noteon(chan, c1, c2);
          break;
      case 0xa0:
          copy_pressure(chan, c1, c2);
          break;
      case 0xb0:
          copy_parameter(chan, c1, c2);
          break;
      case 0xe0:
          copy_pitchbend(chan, c1, c2);
          break;
      case 0xc0:
          copy_program(chan, c1);
          break;
      case 0xd0:
          copy_chanpressure(chan, c1);
          break;
      }
}




/* readvarinum - read a varying-length number, and return the */
/* number of characters it took. */
long readvarinum()
{
    long value;
    int c;

    c = egetc();
    value = c;
    if (c & 0x80) {
      value &= 0x7f;
      do {
          c = egetc();
          value = (value << 7) + (c & 0x7f);
      } while (c & 0x80);
    }
    return (value);
}



long to32bit(c1, c2, c3, c4)
int c1, c2, c3, c4;
{
    long value = 0L;

    value = (c1 & 0xff);
    value = (value << 8) + (c2 & 0xff);
    value = (value << 8) + (c3 & 0xff);
    value = (value << 8) + (c4 & 0xff);
    return (value);
}




int to16bit(c1, c2)
int c1, c2;
{
    return ((c1 & 0xff) << 8) + (c2 & 0xff);
}



long read32bit()
{
    int c1, c2, c3, c4;

    c1 = egetc();
    c2 = egetc();
    c3 = egetc();
    c4 = egetc();
    return to32bit(c1, c2, c3, c4);
}



int read16bit()
{
    int c1, c2;
    c1 = egetc();
    c2 = egetc();
    return to16bit(c1, c2);
}



void mferror(char *s)
{
    fprintf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", s);
    exit(1);
}




/* The code below allows collection of a system exclusive message of */
/* arbitrary length.  The Msgbuff is expanded as necessary.  The only */
/* visible data/routines are msginit(), msgadd(), msg(), msgleng(). */

#define MSGINCREMENT 128
static char *Msgbuff = NULL;  /* message buffer */
static int Msgsize = 0;       /* Size of currently allocated Msg */
static int Msgindex = 0;      /* index of next available location in Msg */

void msginit()
{
    Msgindex = 0;
}


char *msg()
{
    return (Msgbuff);
}


int msgleng()
{
    return (Msgindex);
}


void msgadd(int c)
{
    /* If necessary, allocate larger message buffer. */
    if (Msgindex >= Msgsize)
      biggermsg();
    Msgbuff[Msgindex++] = c;
}


void biggermsg()
{
/*   char *malloc(); */
    char *newmess;
    char *oldmess = Msgbuff;
    int oldleng = Msgsize;

    Msgsize += MSGINCREMENT;
    newmess = (char *) malloc((unsigned) (sizeof(char) * Msgsize));

    if (newmess == NULL)
      mferror("malloc error!");

    /* copy old message into larger new one */
    if (oldmess != NULL) {
      register char *p = newmess;
      register char *q = oldmess;
      register char *endq = &oldmess[oldleng];

      for (; q != endq; p++, q++)
          *p = *q;
      free(oldmess);
    }
    Msgbuff = newmess;
}







/*
 * mfwrite() - The only fuction you'll need to call to write out
 *             a midi file.
 *
 * format      0 - Single multi-channel track
 *             1 - Multiple simultaneous tracks
 *             2 - One or more sequentially independent
 *                 single track patterns                
 * ntracks     The number of tracks in the file.
 * division    This is kind of tricky, it can represent two
 *             things, depending on whether it is positive or negative
 *             (bit 15 set or not).  If  bit  15  of division  is zero,
 *             bits 14 through 0 represent the number of delta-time
 *             "ticks" which make up a quarter note.  If bit  15 of
 *             division  is  a one, delta-times in a file correspond to
 *             subdivisions of a second similiar to  SMPTE  and  MIDI
 *             time code.  In  this format bits 14 through 8 contain
 *             one of four values - 24, -25, -29, or -30,
 *             corresponding  to  the  four standard  SMPTE and MIDI
 *             time code frame per second formats, where  -29
 *             represents  30  drop  frame.   The  second  byte
 *             consisting  of  bits 7 through 0 corresponds the the
 *             resolution within a frame.  Refer the Standard MIDI
 *             Files 1.0 spec for more details.
 * fp          This should be the open file pointer to the file you
 *             want to write.  
 */

void mfwrite(format, ntracks, division, fp)
int format, ntracks, division;
FILE *fp;
{
    int i;
    void mf_write_track_chunk();
    float track_time;

    seconds_output = 0.0;    
    temposize = 0;

    /* In format 1 files, the first track is a tempo map */
    if (format == 1 && (Mf_writetempotrack)) {
      (*Mf_writetempotrack) ();
    }

    /* The rest of the file is a series of tracks */
    for (i = 0; i < ntracks; i++) {
      if (start_tick + end_tick < 0 && chnflag == 0 && !use_seconds)
          copytrack_verbatim();     /*not necessary to read in detail*/
      else {
          flag_metaeot = 0;
          init_notechan();
          track_time = readtrack();
            if (track_time > seconds_output) seconds_output = track_time;
          turn_off_all_playing_notes();
          if (flag_metaeot)
            copy_metaeot();   /*need end of track message*/
          ignore_rest_of_track();
      }
      if (tocopy[i] == 1)
          mf_write_track_chunk(i, fp);
    }
}


void
replace_byte_in_file(int trknum, int loc, char val, FILE * fp, int ntracks)
{
    int i;
    for (i = 0; i < ntracks; i++) {
      copytrack_verbatim();
      if (i == trknum)
          replace_byte_in_trackdata(loc, val);
      mf_write_track_chunk(i, fp);
    }
}




void mf_write_track_chunk(which_track, fp)
int which_track;
FILE *fp;
{
    long trkhdr, trklength;
    void write16bit(), write32bit();
    void WriteVarLen();
    int ier;


    trkhdr = MTrk;
    trklength = trackdata_length;
    write32bit(trkhdr);
    write32bit(trklength);
    ier = fwrite(trackdata, 1, trackdata_length, fp);
/*  printf("  %d bytes written\n",ier); */
}



void mf_write_header_chunk(format, ntracks, division)
int format, ntracks, division;
{
    long ident, length;
    void write16bit(), write32bit();

    ident = MThd;       /* Head chunk identifier                    */
    length = 6;               /* Chunk length                             */

    /* individual bytes of the header must be written separately
       to preserve byte order across cpu types :-( */
    write32bit(ident);
    write32bit(length);
    write16bit(format);
    write16bit(ntracks);
    write16bit(division);
}                       /* end gen_header_chunk() */





/*
 * mf_write_midi_event()
 * 
 * Library routine to mf_write a single MIDI track event in the standard MIDI
 * file format. The format is:
 *
 *                    <delta-time><event>
 *
 * In this case, event can be any multi-byte midi message, such as
 * "note on", "note off", etc.      
 *
 * delta_time - the time in ticks since the last event.
 * type - the type of meta event.
 * chan - The midi channel.
 * data - A pointer to a block of chars containing the META EVENT,
 *        data.
 * size - The length of the meta-event data.
 */
int mf_write_midi_event(int type, int chan, char *data, int size)
{
    int i;
    void WriteVarLen();
    char c;

    WriteVarLen(Mf_currtime - Mf_currcopytime);
    if (!cut_beginning())
      Mf_currcopytime = Mf_currtime;
    /* all MIDI events start with the type in the first four bits,
       and the channel in the lower four bits */
    c = (char) (type | chan);

    if (chan > 15) {
      mferror("error: MIDI channel greater than 16");
    };

    eputc(c);

    /* write out the data bytes */
    for (i = 0; i < size; i++)
      eputc(data[i]);

    return (size);
}                       /* end mf_write MIDI event */





/*
 * mf_write_meta_event()
 *
 * Library routine to mf_write a single meta event in the standard MIDI
 * file format. The format of a meta event is:
 *
 *          <delta-time><FF><type><length><bytes>
 *
 * delta_time - the time in ticks since the last event.
 * type - the type of meta event.
 * data - A pointer to a block of chars containing the META EVENT,
 *        data.
 * size - The length of the meta-event data.
 */
int mf_write_meta_event(int type, char *data, int size)
{
    int i;
    void WriteVarLen();

    WriteVarLen(Mf_currtime - Mf_currcopytime);
    if (!cut_beginning())
      Mf_currcopytime = Mf_currtime;

    /* This marks the fact we're writing a meta-event */
    eputc((char) meta_event);

    /* The type of meta event */
    eputc((char) type);

    /* The length of the data bytes to follow */
    WriteVarLen((long) size);

    for (i = 0; i < size; i++) {
/*  if(eputc((data[i] & 0xff)) != (data[i] & 0xff)) */
/*      return(-1);                                 */
      eputc(data[i]);
    }
    return (size);
}                       /* end mf_write_meta_event */




void mf_write_tempo(tempo)
long tempo;
{
    /* Write tempo */
    /* all tempos are written as 120 beats/minute, */
    /* expressed in microseconds/quarter note     */

    void WriteVarLen();
    current_tempo = tempo;
    tempo_array[temposize].tick = Mf_currtime;
    tempo_array[temposize].value = current_tempo;
    if (temposize < 999) temposize++;

    if (Mf_currtime - Mf_currcopytime < 0) eputc(0); 
    else { WriteVarLen(Mf_currtime - Mf_currcopytime);
       Mf_currcopytime = Mf_currtime;}

    eputc((char) meta_event);
    eputc(set_tempo);

    eputc(3);
    eputc((char) (0xff & (tempo >> 16)));
    eputc((char) (0xff & (tempo >> 8)));
    eputc((char) (0xff & tempo));

/* fudge to avoid large time gap at beginning */
/* It assumes a constant tempo. */
    if (use_seconds && start_tick == -1 && start_seconds >0) {
      start_tick = start_seconds * 1000000.0*division/tempo;
      Mf_currcopytime = start_tick;
      }
}




/* 
 * This routine converts delta times in seconds into ticks. The
 * else statement is needed because the formula is different for tracks
 * based on notes and tracks based on SMPTE times.
 *
 */
long mf_sec2ticks(secs, division, tempo)
float secs;
int division;
long tempo;
{
    long ticks;
    float smpte_format, smpte_resolution;

    if (division > 0) {
      ticks = (long) ((secs * ((float) (division)) * 1000000.0) /
                  ((float) (tempo)) + 0.5);
    } else {
      smpte_format = upperbyte(division);
      smpte_resolution = lowerbyte(division);
      ticks =
          (long) (secs * smpte_format * smpte_resolution * 1000000.0 +
                0.5);
    };
    return (ticks);
}                       /* end of sec2ticks() */





/*
 * Write multi-length bytes to MIDI format files
 */
void WriteVarLen(value)
long value;
{
    long buffer;

    buffer = value & 0x7f;
    while ((value >>= 7) > 0) {
      buffer <<= 8;
      buffer |= 0x80;
      buffer += (value & 0x7f);
    }
    while (1) {
      eputc((char) (buffer & 0xff));

      if (buffer & 0x80)
          buffer >>= 8;
      else
          return;
    }
}                       /* end of WriteVarLen */





/* 
 * This routine converts delta times in ticks into seconds. The
 * else statement is needed because the formula is different for tracks
 * based on notes and tracks based on SMPTE times.
 *
 */
float mf_ticks2sec(ticks, division, tempo)
int division;
long tempo;
long ticks;
{
    float ret;
    float smpte_format, smpte_resolution;

    if (division > 0) {
      ret =
          ((float)
           (((float) (ticks) * (float) (tempo)) /
            ((float) (division) * 1000000.0)));
    } else {
      smpte_format = upperbyte(division);
      smpte_resolution = lowerbyte(division);
      ret =
          (float) ((float) ticks /
                 (smpte_format * smpte_resolution * 1000000.0));
    }
    return (ret);
}                       /* end of ticks2sec() */




/*
 * write32bit()
 * write16bit()
 *
 * These routines are used to make sure that the byte order of
 * the various data types remains constant between machines. This
 * helps make sure that the code will be portable from one system
 * to the next.  It is slightly dangerous that it assumes that longs
 * have at least 32 bits and ints have at least 16 bits, but this
 * has been true at least on PCs, UNIX machines, and Macintosh's.
 *
 */
void write32bit(data)
long data;
{
    putc((char) ((data >> 24) & 0xff), fp);
    putc((char) ((data >> 16) & 0xff), fp);
    putc((char) ((data >> 8) & 0xff), fp);
    putc((char) (data & 0xff), fp);
}

void write16bit(data)
int data;
{
    putc((char) ((data & 0xff00) >> 8), fp);
    putc((char) (data & 0xff), fp);
}





/* write a single character and abort on error */
int eputc(char c)
{

    append_to_string(c);
    Mf_numbyteswritten++;
    return (0);
}









/*  midicopy.c

 program to modify and copy a selected portion of
   a midi file.

*/


FILE *fp;
FILE *F_in;
extern int format, ntrks, division;

int getarg(char *option, int argc, char *argv[])
/* look for argument 'option' in command line */
{
    int j, place;

    place = -1;
    for (j = 0; j < argc; j++) {
      if (strcmp(option, argv[j]) == 0) {
          place = j + 1;
      };
    };
    return (place);
}





int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    int arg;
    int trk[12], mtrks;
    int chn[12], chns;
    int i;
    int byteloc, trknum;
    int repflag;
    char val;


    for (i = 0; i < 32; i++)
      tocopy[i] = 1;
    for (i = 0; i < 16; i++)
      ctocopy[i] = 1;
    mtrks = 0;
    chns = 0;
    start_tick = -1;
    end_tick = -1;
    start_seconds = -1.0;
    end_seconds = -1.0;
    use_seconds = 0;

    if (getarg("-ver", argc, argv) >= 0) {
      printf("%s\n",VERSION);
      exit(0);
    }

    arg = getarg("-h", argc, argv);
    if (arg > 0 || argc < 3) {
      printf("midicopy version %s\n\n",VERSION);
      printf("midicopy copies selected tracks, channels, time \n");
        printf("interval of the input midi file to the output file.\n\n");
      printf("usage:\nmidicopy <options> input.mid output.mid\n\n");
      printf("options:\n");
      printf("-ver  version information\n");
      printf("-trks n1,n2,..(starting from 1)\n");
      printf("-chns n1,n2,..(starting from 1)\n");
      printf("-from n (in midi ticks)\n");
      printf("-to n   (in midi ticks)\n");
        printf("-fromsec %%f (in seconds)\n");
        printf("-tosec %%f (in seconds)\n");
        printf("-replace trk,loc,val\n");
      exit(1);
    }

/* if -replace option is chosen then byte loc in track trk is replaced
   with the value val. This is used for changing the program assignment
   in a midi file. If -replace option is chosen, all other options are
   ignored.
*/
    arg = getarg("-trks", argc, argv);
    if (arg >= 0)
      mtrks = sscanf(argv[arg], "%d,%d,%d,%d,%d,%d,%d,%d,%d,%d,%d,%d",
                   &trk[0], &trk[1], &trk[2], &trk[3], &trk[4],
                   &trk[5], &trk[6], &trk[7], &trk[8]
                   , &trk[9], &trk[10], &trk[11]);
    if (mtrks > 0) {
      /* printf("%d tracks specified\n", mtrks); */
      for (i = 0; i < 32; i++)
          tocopy[i] = 0;
      for (i = 0; i < mtrks; i++)
          if (trk[i] < 32 && trk[i] >= 0)
            tocopy[trk[i] - 1] = 1;
    }

    arg = getarg("-chns", argc, argv);
    if (arg >= 0)
      chns = sscanf(argv[arg], "%d,%d,%d,%d,%d,%d,%d,%d,%d,%d,%d,%d",
                  &chn[0], &chn[1], &chn[2], &chn[3], &chn[4], &chn[5],
                  &chn[6], &chn[7], &chn[8]
                  , &chn[9], &chn[10], &chn[11]);
    if (chns > 0) {
      for (i = 0; i < 16; i++)
          ctocopy[i] = 0;
      for (i = 0; i < chns; i++)
          if (chn[i] > 0 && chn[i] < 17)
            ctocopy[chn[i] - 1] = 1;
      chnflag = 1;
    }
    arg = getarg("-from", argc, argv); 
    if (arg >= 0)
        sscanf(argv[arg], "%d", &start_tick);

    arg = getarg("-to", argc, argv);
    if (arg >= 0)
      sscanf(argv[arg], "%d", &end_tick);

    arg = getarg("-fromsec", argc, argv);
    if (arg >= 0)
        {sscanf(argv[arg], "%f", &start_seconds);
         use_seconds = 1;
        }
    arg = getarg("-tosec", argc, argv);
    if (arg >= 0)
        {sscanf(argv[arg], "%f", &end_seconds);
         use_seconds = 1;
        }

    repflag = getarg("-replace", argc, argv);
    if (repflag >= 0)
      sscanf(argv[repflag], "%d,%d,%c", &trknum, &byteloc, &val);

    F_in = fopen(argv[argc - 2], "rb");
    if (F_in == NULL) {
      printf("cannot open input file %s\n", argv[argc - 2]);
      exit(1);
    }
    fp = fopen(argv[argc - 1], "wb");
    if (fp == NULL) {
      printf("cannot open out file %s\n", argv[argc - 1]);
      exit(2);
    }
    readheader();
    if (mtrks == 0)
      mtrks = ntrks;
    mf_write_header_chunk(format, mtrks, division);

    if (repflag >= 0)
      replace_byte_in_file(trknum, byteloc, val, fp, mtrks);
    else
      mfwrite(format, ntrks, division, fp);

    free(trackdata);
    fclose(F_in);
    fclose(fp);
    printf("%f\n",seconds_output);
    return(0);
}

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